Mariachi Music



Guadalajara Jalisco is the home of the mariachi.  A musical form dating to the 19th century, mariachi music melds the instrumentations of the European colonials with rural Mexican and hacienda culture.  Evolving from son jalisquense, the mariachi group consists principally of two violins, a harp, and various guitars.  Representing the rural and hacienda origins the musicians adopted charro costumes.  As the population became urbanized at the turn of the 19th to 20th century, mariachi music professionalized, groups began playing for money in social venues.   After the Mexican Revolution of 1910 to 1920 the government consciously developed a patriotic culture, utilizing the symbolism of mariachis and charros.  And with the golden age of Mexican cinema, the music was further recognized and romanticized as the rural culture of the country.

The annual Mariachi and Charro festival in Guadalajara at the end of August, beginning of September shows the international influence and adoptation of the music.  It is lots of fun to meet groups from Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, even France and Japan are represented.  California & Chicago USA represent the diaspora of Mexican culture.  A great aspect of this festival is most groups stay for the entire week to 10 days, so instead of merely performing they have an opportunity to interact as well as explore Guadalajara.

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