Haciendas, large all-inclusive agriculture estates or plantations developed in México beginning with land grants to Spanish conquistadors and settlers in the 16th and 17th centuries.
With independence from Spain in 1820 through their break-up with land reform after the Mexican revolution in the 1920’s they were a great and diverse source of wealth to the new economic power and then a nation in conflict in search of social democracy.
Iconic figures of Mexico in the haciendas: the charro: the romantic representation of freedom and physical prowess. The landowner – The leader of their lands … Part of the colonial past and the new dynamics of Mexico.
Many times within the history of a hacienda, the region and experiences of all who owned, lived and worked there dictated destiny.
This was a new country with diverse large resources. From ranching to mining to agriculture, each region’s properties were unique and developed along with the history of the nation.
Guadalajara Jalisco is the home of the mariachi. A musical form dating to the 19th century, mariachi music melds the instrumentations of the European colonials with rural Mexican and hacienda culture. Evolving from son jalisquense, the mariachi group consists principally of two violins, a harp, and various guitars. Representing the rural and hacienda origins the musicians adopted charro costumes. As the population became urbanized at the turn of the 19th to 20th century, mariachi music professionalized, groups began playing for money in social venues. After the Mexican Revolution of 1910 to 1920 the government consciously developed a patriotic culture, utilizing the symbolism of mariachis and charros. And with the golden age of Mexican cinema, the music was further recognized and romanticized as the rural culture of the country. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariachi
The annual Mariachi and Charro festival in Guadalajara at the end of August, beginning of September shows the international influence and adoptation of the music. It is lots of fun to meet groups from Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, even France and Japan are represented. California & Chicago USA represent the diaspora of Mexican culture. A great aspect of this festival is most groups stay for the entire week to 10 days, so instead of merely performing they have an opportunity to interact as well as explore Guadalajara. http://www.mariachi-jalisco.com.mx/